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Androidでプログラム的に現在のGPS位置を取得する方法

プログラムでGPSを使用して現在地を取得する必要があります。どうやってそれを達成できますか?

660
mudit

私は現在地のGPS座標を取得するためにステップバイステップの説明で小さなアプリケーションを作成しました。

完全なサンプルソースコードは現在地座標の取得、都市名 - Androidの場合にあります。


仕組みを見る:

  • 必要なのは、この許可をマニフェストファイルに追加することだけです。

    <uses-permission Android:name="Android.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION" />
    
  • そしてこのようにLocationManagerインスタンスを作成します。

    LocationManager locationManager = (LocationManager)
    getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);
    
  • GPSが有効になっているかどうかを確認してください。

  • そしてLocationListenerを実装して座標を取得します。

    LocationListener locationListener = new MyLocationListener();
    locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(
    LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER, 5000, 10, locationListener);
    
  • これを行うためのサンプルコードは次のとおりです。


/*---------- Listener class to get coordinates ------------- */
private class MyLocationListener implements LocationListener {

    @Override
    public void onLocationChanged(Location loc) {
        editLocation.setText("");
        pb.setVisibility(View.INVISIBLE);
        Toast.makeText(
                getBaseContext(),
                "Location changed: Lat: " + loc.getLatitude() + " Lng: "
                    + loc.getLongitude(), Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        String longitude = "Longitude: " + loc.getLongitude();
        Log.v(TAG, longitude);
        String latitude = "Latitude: " + loc.getLatitude();
        Log.v(TAG, latitude);

        /*------- To get city name from coordinates -------- */
        String cityName = null;
        Geocoder gcd = new Geocoder(getBaseContext(), Locale.getDefault());
        List<Address> addresses;
        try {
            addresses = gcd.getFromLocation(loc.getLatitude(),
                    loc.getLongitude(), 1);
            if (addresses.size() > 0) {
                System.out.println(addresses.get(0).getLocality());
                cityName = addresses.get(0).getLocality();
            }
        }
        catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        String s = longitude + "\n" + latitude + "\n\nMy Current City is: "
            + cityName;
        editLocation.setText(s);
    }

    @Override
    public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) {}

    @Override
    public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) {}

    @Override
    public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) {}
}

408
swiftBoy

これは他の答えのための追加情報です。

Androidは

GPS_PROVIDER and NETWORK_PROVIDER

両方に登録し、同時に2つのonLocationChanged(Location location)からイベントのフェッチを開始することができます。ここまでは順調ですね。今度は、2つの結果が必要ですか、それとも最善を尽くす必要がありますか。私が知っているように、GPS_PROVIDERの結果はNETWORK_PROVIDERよりも精度が高くなります。

Locationフィールドを定義しましょう。

private Location currentBestLocation = null;

Location changeをリッスンする前に、次のメソッドを実装します。このメソッドは、GPSとネットワークの間の最後の既知の位置を返します。この方法では、新しい方が最適です。

/**
 * @return the last know best location
 */
private Location getLastBestLocation() {
    Location locationGPS = mLocationManager.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);
    Location locationNet = mLocationManager.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);

    long GPSLocationTime = 0;
    if (null != locationGPS) { GPSLocationTime = locationGPS.getTime(); }

    long NetLocationTime = 0;

    if (null != locationNet) {
        NetLocationTime = locationNet.getTime();
    }

    if ( 0 < GPSLocationTime - NetLocationTime ) {
        return locationGPS;
    }
    else {
        return locationNet;
    }
}

新しい場所を取得するたびに、以前の結果と比較します。

...
static final int TWO_MINUTES = 1000 * 60 * 2;
...

onLocationChangedに新しいメソッドを追加します。

@Override
public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {

    makeUseOfNewLocation(location);

    if(currentBestLocation == null){
        currentBestLocation = location;
    }

    ....
}


/**
 * This method modify the last know good location according to the arguments.
 *
 * @param location The possible new location.
 */
void makeUseOfNewLocation(Location location) {
    if ( isBetterLocation(location, currentBestLocation) ) {
        currentBestLocation = location;
    }
}

....

/** Determines whether one location reading is better than the current location fix
 * @param location  The new location that you want to evaluate
 * @param currentBestLocation  The current location fix, to which you want to compare the new one.
 */
protected boolean isBetterLocation(Location location, Location currentBestLocation) {
    if (currentBestLocation == null) {
        // A new location is always better than no location
        return true;
    }

    // Check whether the new location fix is newer or older
    long timeDelta = location.getTime() - currentBestLocation.getTime();
    boolean isSignificantlyNewer = timeDelta > TWO_MINUTES;
    boolean isSignificantlyOlder = timeDelta < -TWO_MINUTES;
    boolean isNewer = timeDelta > 0;

    // If it's been more than two minutes since the current location, use the new location,
    // because the user has likely moved.
    if (isSignificantlyNewer) {
        return true;
        // If the new location is more than two minutes older, it must be worse.
    } else if (isSignificantlyOlder) {
        return false;
    }

    // Check whether the new location fix is more or less accurate
    int accuracyDelta = (int) (location.getAccuracy() - currentBestLocation.getAccuracy());
    boolean isLessAccurate = accuracyDelta > 0;
    boolean isMoreAccurate = accuracyDelta < 0;
    boolean isSignificantlyLessAccurate = accuracyDelta > 200;

    // Check if the old and new location are from the same provider
    boolean isFromSameProvider = isSameProvider(location.getProvider(),
                                                currentBestLocation.getProvider());

    // Determine location quality using a combination of timeliness and accuracy
    if (isMoreAccurate) {
        return true;
    } else if (isNewer && !isLessAccurate) {
        return true;
    } else if (isNewer && !isSignificantlyLessAccurate && isFromSameProvider) {
        return true;
    }
    return false;
}

// Checks whether two providers are the same
private boolean isSameProvider(String provider1, String provider2) {
    if (provider1 == null) {
        return provider2 == null;
    }
    return provider1.equals(provider2);
}

....
127
Maxim Shoustin

GPS_PROVIDER or NETWORK_PROVIDERで場所を見つけることができます。

ロケーションサービスの概要 Androidの場合。

これはGPSを使って位置を見つけようとする一つの例です。 GPSが利用できない場合は、場所を見つけるためにネットワークを使用してみてください。

GPSTracker.Java

 public class GPSTracker extends Service implements LocationListener {

    private final Context mContext;

    // Flag for GPS status
    boolean isGPSEnabled = false;

    // Flag for network status
    boolean isNetworkEnabled = false;

    // Flag for GPS status
    boolean canGetLocation = false;

    Location location; // Location
    double latitude; // Latitude
    double longitude; // Longitude

    // The minimum distance to change Updates in meters
    private static final long MIN_DISTANCE_CHANGE_FOR_UPDATES = 10; // 10 meters

    // The minimum time between updates in milliseconds
    private static final long MIN_TIME_BW_UPDATES = 1000 * 60 * 1; // 1 minute

    // Declaring a Location Manager
    protected LocationManager locationManager;

    public GPSTracker(Context context) {
        this.mContext = context;
        getLocation();
    }

    public Location getLocation() {
        try {
            locationManager = (LocationManager) mContext
                    .getSystemService(LOCATION_SERVICE);

            // Getting GPS status
            isGPSEnabled = locationManager
                    .isProviderEnabled(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);

            // Getting network status
            isNetworkEnabled = locationManager
                    .isProviderEnabled(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);

            if (!isGPSEnabled && !isNetworkEnabled) {
                // No network provider is enabled
            } else {
                this.canGetLocation = true;
                if (isNetworkEnabled) {
                    locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(
                            LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER,
                            MIN_TIME_BW_UPDATES,
                            MIN_DISTANCE_CHANGE_FOR_UPDATES, this);
                    Log.d("Network", "Network");
                    if (locationManager != null) {
                        location = locationManager
                                .getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);
                        if (location != null) {
                            latitude = location.getLatitude();
                            longitude = location.getLongitude();
                        }
                    }
                }
                // If GPS enabled, get latitude/longitude using GPS Services
                if (isGPSEnabled) {
                    if (location == null) {
                        locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(
                                LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER,
                                MIN_TIME_BW_UPDATES,
                                MIN_DISTANCE_CHANGE_FOR_UPDATES, this);
                        Log.d("GPS Enabled", "GPS Enabled");
                        if (locationManager != null) {
                            location = locationManager
                                    .getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);
                            if (location != null) {
                                latitude = location.getLatitude();
                                longitude = location.getLongitude();
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
        catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        return location;
    }


    /**
     * Stop using GPS listener
     * Calling this function will stop using GPS in your app.
     * */
    public void stopUsingGPS(){
        if(locationManager != null){
            locationManager.removeUpdates(GPSTracker.this);
        }
    }


    /**
     * Function to get latitude
     * */
    public double getLatitude(){
        if(location != null){
            latitude = location.getLatitude();
        }

        // return latitude
        return latitude;
    }


    /**
     * Function to get longitude
     * */
    public double getLongitude(){
        if(location != null){
            longitude = location.getLongitude();
        }

        // return longitude
        return longitude;
    }

    /**
     * Function to check GPS/Wi-Fi enabled
     * @return boolean
     * */
    public boolean canGetLocation() {
        return this.canGetLocation;
    }


    /**
     * Function to show settings alert dialog.
     * On pressing the Settings button it will launch Settings Options.
     * */
    public void showSettingsAlert(){
        AlertDialog.Builder alertDialog = new AlertDialog.Builder(mContext);

        // Setting Dialog Title
        alertDialog.setTitle("GPS is settings");

        // Setting Dialog Message
        alertDialog.setMessage("GPS is not enabled. Do you want to go to settings menu?");

        // On pressing the Settings button.
        alertDialog.setPositiveButton("Settings", new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
            public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog,int which) {
                Intent intent = new Intent(Settings.ACTION_LOCATION_SOURCE_SETTINGS);
                mContext.startActivity(intent);
            }
        });

        // On pressing the cancel button
        alertDialog.setNegativeButton("Cancel", new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
            public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which) {
            dialog.cancel();
            }
        });

        // Showing Alert Message
        alertDialog.show();
    }


    @Override
    public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
    }


    @Override
    public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) {
    }


    @Override
    public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) {
    }


    @Override
    public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) {
    }


    @Override
    public IBinder onBind(Intent arg0) {
        return null;
    }
}

アクティビティ-AndroidGPSTrackingActivity.Java

    public class AndroidGPSTrackingActivity extends Activity {

    Button btnShowLocation;

    // GPSTracker class
    GPSTracker gps;

    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);

        btnShowLocation = (Button) findViewById(R.id.btnShowLocation);

        // Show location button click event
        btnShowLocation.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {

            @Override
            public void onClick(View arg0) {
                // Create class object
                gps = new GPSTracker(AndroidGPSTrackingActivity.this);

                // Check if GPS enabled
                if(gps.canGetLocation()) {

                    double latitude = gps.getLatitude();
                    double longitude = gps.getLongitude();

                    // \n is for new line
                    Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "Your Location is - \nLat: " + latitude + "\nLong: " + longitude, Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
                } else {
                    // Can't get location.
                    // GPS or network is not enabled.
                    // Ask user to enable GPS/network in settings.
                    gps.showSettingsAlert();
                }
            }
        });
    }
}

レイアウトmain.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:Android="http://schemas.Android.com/apk/res/Android"
    Android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    Android:layout_height="fill_parent"
    Android:orientation="vertical" >

    <Button Android:id="@+id/btnShowLocation"
        Android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        Android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        Android:text="Show Location"
        Android:layout_centerVertical="true"
        Android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"/>
</RelativeLayout>

AndroidManifest.xml

<uses-permission Android:name="Android.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION" />
<uses-permission Android:name="Android.permission.INTERNET" />
79
Nirav Ranpara

そこにはすでにたくさんの答えがありますが、Google APIを使って最新の場所を取得する方法を示したいので、新しいプログラマーは新しい方法を使用できます。

私は Androidの現在の場所 私のブログで詳細なチュートリアルを書きました demonuts.com あなたはAndroid Studioで開発された完全なソースコードも見つけることができます。

まず最初に、これをgradleファイルに入れてください。

 compile 'com.google.Android.gms:play-services:9.0.2'

それから必要なインターフェースを実装する

public class MainActivity  extends BaseActivitiy implements GoogleApiClient.ConnectionCallbacks, GoogleApiClient.OnConnectionFailedListener, com.google.Android.gms.location.LocationListener

インスタンスを宣言する

  private GoogleApiClient mGoogleApiClient;
  private Location mLocation;
  private LocationManager locationManager;
  private LocationRequest mLocationRequest;

これをonCreate()に入れてください

 mGoogleApiClient = new GoogleApiClient.Builder(this)
                .addConnectionCallbacks(this)
                .addOnConnectionFailedListener(this)
                .addApi(LocationServices.API)
                .build();
        locationManager = (LocationManager) getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);

最後に、必要なメソッドをオーバーライドする

 @Override
    public void onConnected(Bundle bundle) {
        if (ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED && ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            // TODO: Consider calling
            //    ActivityCompat#requestPermissions
            // here to request the missing permissions, and then overriding
            //   public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, String[] permissions,
            //                                          int[] grantResults)
            // to handle the case where the user grants the permission. See the documentation
            // for ActivityCompat#requestPermissions for more details.
            return;
        } startLocationUpdates();
        mLocation = LocationServices.FusedLocationApi.getLastLocation(mGoogleApiClient);
        if(mLocation == null){
            startLocationUpdates();
        }
        if (mLocation != null) {
            double latitude = mLocation.getLatitude();
            double longitude = mLocation.getLongitude();
        } else {
            // Toast.makeText(this, "Location not Detected", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        }
    }

    protected void startLocationUpdates() {
        // Create the location request
        mLocationRequest = LocationRequest.create()
                .setPriority(LocationRequest.PRIORITY_HIGH_ACCURACY)
                .setInterval(UPDATE_INTERVAL)
                .setFastestInterval(FASTEST_INTERVAL);
        // Request location updates
        if (ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED && ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            // TODO: Consider calling
            //    ActivityCompat#requestPermissions
            // here to request the missing permissions, and then overriding
            //   public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, String[] permissions,
            //                                          int[] grantResults)
            // to handle the case where the user grants the permission. See the documentation
            // for ActivityCompat#requestPermissions for more details.
            return;
        }
        LocationServices.FusedLocationApi.requestLocationUpdates(mGoogleApiClient,
                mLocationRequest, this);
        Log.d("reque", "--->>>>");
    }

    @Override
    public void onConnectionSuspended(int i) {
        Log.i(TAG, "Connection Suspended");
        mGoogleApiClient.connect();
    }

    @Override
    public void onConnectionFailed(ConnectionResult connectionResult) {
        Log.i(TAG, "Connection failed. Error: " + connectionResult.getErrorCode());
    }

    @Override
    public void onStart() {
        super.onStart();
        mGoogleApiClient.connect();
    }

    @Override
    public void onStop() {
        super.onStop();
        if (mGoogleApiClient.isConnected()) {
            mGoogleApiClient.disconnect();
        }
    }
    @Override
    public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {

    }

アプリを実行する前に、お使いのデバイスでGPSを起動することを忘れないでください。

43
Parsania Hardik

私は他の答えのコードのいくつかが好きではなかったので、ここに私の簡単な解決策があります。このソリューションは、場所を追跡するためにアクティビティまたはサービスで使用できるようになっています。古くなったデータを明示的に要求しない限り、古すぎるデータを決して返さないようにします。更新を受け取るときに更新を取得するコールバックモード、または最新の情報を取得するポーリングモードで実行できます。

一般的なLocationTrackerインターフェース。複数の種類のロケーショントラッカーを用意し、適切なものを簡単に接続できるようにします。

package com.gabesechan.Android.reusable.location;

import Android.location.Location;

public interface LocationTracker {
    public interface LocationUpdateListener{
        public void onUpdate(Location oldLoc, long oldTime, Location newLoc, long newTime);
    }

    public void start();
    public void start(LocationUpdateListener update);

    public void stop();

    public boolean hasLocation();

    public boolean hasPossiblyStaleLocation();

    public Location getLocation();

    public Location getPossiblyStaleLocation();

}

ProviderLocationTracker - このクラスはGPSまたはNETWORKのいずれかの位置を追跡します。

package com.gabesechan.Android.reusable.location;

import Android.content.Context;
import Android.location.Location;
import Android.location.LocationListener;
import Android.location.LocationManager;
import Android.os.Bundle;

public class ProviderLocationTracker implements LocationListener, LocationTracker {

    // The minimum distance to change Updates in meters
    private static final long MIN_UPDATE_DISTANCE = 10; 

    // The minimum time between updates in milliseconds
    private static final long MIN_UPDATE_TIME = 1000 * 60; 

    private LocationManager lm;

    public enum ProviderType{
        NETWORK,
        GPS
    };    
    private String provider;

    private Location lastLocation;
    private long lastTime;

    private boolean isRunning;

    private LocationUpdateListener listener;

    public ProviderLocationTracker(Context context, ProviderType type) {
        lm = (LocationManager)context.getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);
        if(type == ProviderType.NETWORK){
            provider = LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER;
        }
        else{
            provider = LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER;
        }
    }

    public void start(){
        if(isRunning){
            //Already running, do nothing
            return;
        }

        //The provider is on, so start getting updates.  Update current location
        isRunning = true;
        lm.requestLocationUpdates(provider, MIN_UPDATE_TIME, MIN_UPDATE_DISTANCE, this);
        lastLocation = null;
        lastTime = 0;
        return;
    }

    public void start(LocationUpdateListener update) {
        start();
        listener = update;

    }


    public void stop(){
        if(isRunning){
            lm.removeUpdates(this);
            isRunning = false;
            listener = null;
        }
    }

    public boolean hasLocation(){
        if(lastLocation == null){
            return false;
        }
        if(System.currentTimeMillis() - lastTime > 5 * MIN_UPDATE_TIME){
            return false; //stale
        }
        return true;
    }

    public boolean hasPossiblyStaleLocation(){
        if(lastLocation != null){
            return true;
        }
        return lm.getLastKnownLocation(provider)!= null;
    }

    public Location getLocation(){
        if(lastLocation == null){
            return null;
        }
        if(System.currentTimeMillis() - lastTime > 5 * MIN_UPDATE_TIME){
            return null; //stale
        }
        return lastLocation;
    }

    public Location getPossiblyStaleLocation(){
        if(lastLocation != null){
            return lastLocation;
        }
        return lm.getLastKnownLocation(provider);
    }

    public void onLocationChanged(Location newLoc) {
        long now = System.currentTimeMillis();
        if(listener != null){
            listener.onUpdate(lastLocation, lastTime, newLoc, now);
        }
        lastLocation = newLoc;
        lastTime = now;
    }

    public void onProviderDisabled(String arg0) {

    }

    public void onProviderEnabled(String arg0) {

    }

    public void onStatusChanged(String arg0, int arg1, Bundle arg2) {
    }
}

これはGPSとネットワークの両方で追跡し、より正確な場所を使用するFallbackLocationTrackerです。

package com.gabesechan.Android.reusable.location;

import Android.content.Context;
import Android.location.Location;
import Android.location.LocationManager;

public class FallbackLocationTracker  implements LocationTracker, LocationTracker.LocationUpdateListener {


    private boolean isRunning;

    private ProviderLocationTracker gps;
    private ProviderLocationTracker net;

    private LocationUpdateListener listener;

    Location lastLoc;
    long lastTime;

    public FallbackLocationTracker(Context context) {
        gps = new ProviderLocationTracker(context, ProviderLocationTracker.ProviderType.GPS);
        net = new ProviderLocationTracker(context, ProviderLocationTracker.ProviderType.NETWORK);
    }

    public void start(){
        if(isRunning){
            //Already running, do nothing
            return;
        }

        //Start both
        gps.start(this);
        net.start(this);
        isRunning = true;
    }

    public void start(LocationUpdateListener update) {
        start();
        listener = update;
    }


    public void stop(){
        if(isRunning){
            gps.stop();
            net.stop();
            isRunning = false;
            listener = null;
        }
    }

    public boolean hasLocation(){
        //If either has a location, use it
        return gps.hasLocation() || net.hasLocation();
    }

    public boolean hasPossiblyStaleLocation(){
        //If either has a location, use it
        return gps.hasPossiblyStaleLocation() || net.hasPossiblyStaleLocation();
    }

    public Location getLocation(){
        Location ret = gps.getLocation();
        if(ret == null){
            ret = net.getLocation();
        }
        return ret;
    }

    public Location getPossiblyStaleLocation(){
        Location ret = gps.getPossiblyStaleLocation();
        if(ret == null){
            ret = net.getPossiblyStaleLocation();
        }
        return ret;
    }

    public void onUpdate(Location oldLoc, long oldTime, Location newLoc, long newTime) {
        boolean update = false;

        //We should update only if there is no last location, the provider is the same, or the provider is more accurate, or the old location is stale
        if(lastLoc == null){
            update = true;
        }
        else if(lastLoc != null && lastLoc.getProvider().equals(newLoc.getProvider())){
            update = true;
        }
        else if(newLoc.getProvider().equals(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER)){
            update = true;
        }
        else if (newTime - lastTime > 5 * 60 * 1000){
            update = true;
        }

        if(update){
            if(listener != null){
                listener.onUpdate(lastLoc, lastTime, newLoc, newTime);                  
            }
            lastLoc = newLoc;
            lastTime = newTime;
        }

    }
}

どちらもLocationTrackerインターフェースを実装しているので、どちらを使用するかについて考えを簡単に変えることができます。ポーリングモードでクラスを実行するには、単にstart()を呼び出します。更新モードで実行するには、start(Listener)を呼び出します。

私の ブログ記事 のコードも見てください。

35
Gabe Sechan

によってGPSの位置を取得 -

LocationManager locationManager = (LocationManager) context.getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);

LocationListener locationListener = new LocationListener() 
{

            @Override
            public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) {
                // TODO Auto-generated method stub

            }

            @Override
            public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) {
                // TODO Auto-generated method stub

            }

            @Override
            public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) {
                // TODO Auto-generated method stub

            }

            @Override
            public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
                // TODO Auto-generated method stub
                double latitude = location.getLatitude();
                double longitude = location.getLongitude();
                double speed = location.getSpeed(); //spedd in meter/minute
                speed = (speed*3600)/1000;      // speed in km/minute               Toast.makeText(GraphViews.this, "Current speed:" + location.getSpeed(),Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
            }
        };

        locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER, 0, 0, locationListener);

}
17
Akshay Paliwal

最新/最新を使用する必要があります

GoogleApiClient Api

基本的にあなたがする必要があるのは以下のとおりです。

private GoogleApiClient mGoogleApiClient;
mGoogleApiClient = new GoogleApiClient.Builder(this)
                .addApi(LocationServices.API)
                .addConnectionCallbacks(this)
                .addOnConnectionFailedListener(this)
                .build();

次に

@Override
    public void onConnected(Bundle connectionHint) {
        mLastLocation = LocationServices.FusedLocationApi.getLastLocation(
                mGoogleApiClient);
        if (mLastLocation != null) {
            mLatitudeText.setText(String.valueOf(mLastLocation.getLatitude()));
            mLongitudeText.setText(String.valueOf(mLastLocation.getLongitude()));
        }
    }

最も正確で信頼できる場所のために。ここに私の投稿を参照してください。

https://stackoverflow.com/a/33599228/2644905

正確ではなく、応答が遅れるLocationListenerを使用しないでください。正直に言うと、これは実装が簡単です。また、ドキュメントを読む: https://developers.google.com/Android/reference/com/google/Android/gms/common/api/GoogleApiClient

14
omersem
class MyLocation {
    Timer timer1;
    LocationManager lm;
    LocationResult locationResult;
    boolean gps_enabled = false;
    boolean network_enabled = false;

    public boolean getLocation(Context context, LocationResult result) {
        // I use LocationResult callback class to pass location value from
        // MyLocation to user code.
        locationResult = result;
        if (lm == null)
            lm = (LocationManager) context
                    .getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);

        // Exceptions will be thrown if the provider is not permitted.
        try {
            gps_enabled = lm.isProviderEnabled(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);
        }
        catch (Exception ex) {
        }
        try {
            network_enabled = lm
                    .isProviderEnabled(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);
        }
        catch (Exception ex) {
        }

        // Don't start listeners if no provider is enabled.
        if (!gps_enabled && !network_enabled)
            return false;

        if (gps_enabled)
            lm.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER, 0, 0,
                    locationListenerGps);
        if (network_enabled)
            lm.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER, 0, 0,
                    locationListenerNetwork);
        timer1 = new Timer();
        timer1.schedule(new GetLastLocation(), 5000);
        return true;
    }

    LocationListener locationListenerGps = new LocationListener() {
        public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
            timer1.cancel();
            locationResult.gotLocation(location);
            lm.removeUpdates(this);
            lm.removeUpdates(locationListenerNetwork);
        }

        public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) {
        }

        public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) {
        }

        public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) {
        }
    };

    LocationListener locationListenerNetwork = new LocationListener() {
        public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
            timer1.cancel();
            locationResult.gotLocation(location);
            lm.removeUpdates(this);
            lm.removeUpdates(locationListenerGps);
        }

        public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) {
        }

        public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) {
        }

        public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) {
        }
    };

    class GetLastLocation extends TimerTask {
        @Override
        public void run() {
            lm.removeUpdates(locationListenerGps);
            lm.removeUpdates(locationListenerNetwork);

            Location net_loc = null, gps_loc = null;
            if (gps_enabled)
                gps_loc = lm.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);
            if (network_enabled)
                net_loc = lm
                        .getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);

            // If there are both values, use the latest one.
            if (gps_loc != null && net_loc != null) {
                if (gps_loc.getTime() > net_loc.getTime())
                    locationResult.gotLocation(gps_loc);
                else
                    locationResult.gotLocation(net_loc);
                return;
            }

            if (gps_loc != null) {
                locationResult.gotLocation(gps_loc);
                return;
            }
            if (net_loc != null) {
                locationResult.gotLocation(net_loc);
                return;
            }
            locationResult.gotLocation(null);
        }
    }

    public static abstract class LocationResult {
        public abstract void gotLocation(Location location);
    }
}

私はこれがあなたを助けることを願っています...

11
Aristo Michael

Google Play位置情報サービス がここにあるので、私は開発者が新しい融合位置情報プロバイダを使い始めることを勧めます。あなたはそれがより使いやすくそしてより正確であるとわかります。 Google I/O video青い場所を超えて:Androidの場所の新機能新しいGoogle Playの位置情報サービスAPIを作成した人による。

私はいくつかのモバイルプラットフォームでロケーションAPIを使用してきましたが、この2人が行ったことは本当に革命的なことだと思います。さまざまなプロバイダを使用することによる膨大な複雑さが解消されました。 Stack Overflowには、どのプロバイダを使用するか、最後に確認された場所を使用するかどうか、LocationManagerで他のプロパティを設定する方法などに関する質問が溢れています。つかいます。

Google Playの位置情報サービスを使用して定期的に位置を取得し、その位置をデータベースに保存されている{ Google Maps }で表示できるWebサーバーに送信するAndroidアプリを作成しました。私はクライアントソフトウェア(Android、iOS、Windows Phone、 Java ME )とサーバーソフトウェア(ASP.NET、 SQL Server または PHP)の両方を書いた。 および MySQL )。ソフトウェアは各プラットフォームの母国語で書かれており、それぞれのバックグラウンドで適切に動作します。最後に、ソフトウェアは MIT License を持っています。 Androidクライアントはここにあります。

https://github.com/nickfox/GpsTracker/tree/master/phoneClients/Android

7
nickfox

LocationManagerは、位置を知るための組み込みメソッドを提供するクラスです

ステップ1:以下のようにLocationManagerオブジェクトを作成します

LocationManager locationManager =(LocationManager)context.getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);

ステップ2:基準を追加する

*Criteria is use for setting accuracy*

Criteria criteria = new Criteria();
int currentapiVersion = Android.os.Build.VERSION.SDK_INT;

if (currentapiVersion >= Android.os.Build.VERSION_CODES.HONEYCOMB) {

    criteria.setSpeedAccuracy(Criteria.ACCURACY_HIGH);
    criteria.setAccuracy(Criteria.ACCURACY_FINE);
    criteria.setAltitudeRequired(true);
    criteria.setBearingRequired(true);
    criteria.setSpeedRequired(true);

}

ステップ3:利用可能なプロバイダーをGETする

これは、プロバイダーのGPSとネットワークの2種類です

 String provider = locationManager.getBestProvider(criteria, true);

ステップ4:場所を知る

Location location = locationManager.getLastKnownLocation(provider);

ステップ5:緯度と経度を取得する

ロケーションオブジェクトがnullの場合は、以下のメソッドを呼び出さないでください s

getLatitude and getLongitude is methods which returns double values

6
user3131373

位置情報の更新を取得するには、Androidではより豊富なコードが必要です。

  • Google Playサービスの可用性チェック
  • Google playサービスが古いか利用できない場合は更新します
  • GoogleApiClientのダイアログの作成とそのコールバックの接続、切断など.
  • 位置更新のためのリソースの停止と解放
  • ロケーション許可シナリオの処理
  • 位置情報サービスがオンまたはオフであることの確認
  • 最新の場所を取得するのもそれほど簡単ではありません。
  • 一定期間経過しても場所が取得されない場合は、最後に確認された場所へのフォールバック

これらすべてのステップを簡単にするために、私は Android-EasyLocation(小さいAndroidライブラリ) を作成しました。これは、これらすべてのことに注意を払い、ビジネスロジックに集中することができます。

必要なのはextend EasyLocationActivity そしてこれだけです

requestSingleLocationFix(easyLocationRequest);

または

requestLocationUpdates(easyLocationRequest);

https://github.com/akhgupta/Android-EasyLocation で必要なサンプルアプリと手順をここで確認してください

6
Akhil

あなたが見つけることができる最も簡単な

   package com.javapapers.Android.geolocationfinder;

    import Android.os.Bundle;
    import Android.app.Activity;
    import Android.content.Context;
    import Android.location.Location;
    import Android.location.LocationListener;
    import Android.location.LocationManager;
    import Android.widget.TextView;

    import Android.util.Log;

    public class MainActivity extends Activity implements LocationListener{
    protected LocationManager locationManager;
    protected LocationListener locationListener;
    protected Context context;
    TextView txtLat;
    String lat;
    String provider;
    protected String latitude,longitude; 
    protected boolean gps_enabled,network_enabled;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
    txtLat = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.textview1);

    locationManager = (LocationManager) getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);
    locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER, 0, 0, this);
    }
    @Override
    public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
    txtLat = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.textview1);
    txtLat.setText("Latitude:" + location.getLatitude() + ", Longitude:" + location.getLongitude());
    }

    @Override
    public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) {
    Log.d("Latitude","disable");
    }

    @Override
    public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) {
    Log.d("Latitude","enable");
    }

    @Override
    public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) {
    Log.d("Latitude","status");
    }
    }
6
Dheeraj Kumar

Google Playサービス、GPS、ネットワークプロバイダを使用して正確な位置を取得できるプロジェクトを作成しました。このプロジェクトは ここ にあります。

最適な場所を見つけるための戦略は、最初に場所が見つかった場合はGoogle Playサービスから場所を取得し、天気が良いかどうかを確認し、見つかった場所がnullの場合Google Playサービスを再起動してAndroid Location APIから場所を取得することです。変更リスナーに位置を登録して、より良い位置が見つかると、コールバックはそれをメインアクティビティに返します。

LocationManagerInterfaceSmartLocationManagerを埋め込む必要がある2つのクラスだけをコードで使用して実装するのは非常に簡単です。LocationActivityはインターフェースを実装し、SmartLocationManagerを使用して位置を取得します。

/**
 * Created by Syed Raza Mehdi Naqvi on 8/10/2016.
 */
public interface LocationManagerInterface {
    String TAG = LocationManagerInterface.class.getSimpleName();

    void locationFetched(Location mLocation, Location oldLocation, String time, String locationProvider);

}

これがロケーションマネージャクラスです

import Android.Manifest;
import Android.app.Activity;
import Android.content.Context;
import Android.content.DialogInterface;
import Android.content.Intent;
import Android.content.IntentSender;
import Android.content.pm.PackageManager;
import Android.location.Location;
import Android.location.LocationManager;
import Android.os.Build;
import Android.os.Bundle;
import Android.support.v4.app.ActivityCompat;
import Android.support.v4.content.ContextCompat;
import Android.support.v7.app.AlertDialog;
import Android.util.Log;
import Android.widget.Toast;

import com.google.Android.gms.common.ConnectionResult;
import com.google.Android.gms.common.GooglePlayServicesUtil;
import com.google.Android.gms.common.api.GoogleApiClient;
import com.google.Android.gms.location.LocationListener;
import com.google.Android.gms.location.LocationRequest;
import com.google.Android.gms.location.LocationServices;

import Java.text.DateFormat;
import Java.util.Date;

/**
 * Created by Syed Raza Mehdi Naqvi on 8/9/2016.
 */
public class SmartLocationManager implements
        GoogleApiClient.ConnectionCallbacks, GoogleApiClient.OnConnectionFailedListener, LocationListener {

    private static final String TAG = SmartLocationManager.class.getSimpleName();

    private static final int TWO_MINUTES = 1000 * 60 * 2;
    private static final int PERMISSION_REQUEST_CODE = 1000;
    private static final int CONNECTION_FAILURE_RESOLUTION_REQUEST = 9000;

    // default value is false but user can change it
    private String mLastLocationUpdateTime;                                                         // fetched location time
    private String locationProvider;                                                                // source of fetched location

    private Location mLastLocationFetched;                                                          // location fetched
    private Location mLocationFetched;                                                              // location fetched
    private Location networkLocation;
    private Location gpsLocation;

    private int mLocationPiority;
    private long mLocationFetchInterval;
    private long mFastestLocationFetchInterval;

    private Context mContext;                                                                       // application context
    private Activity mActivity;                                                                     // activity context
    private LocationRequest mLocationRequest;
    private GoogleApiClient mGoogleApiClient;
    private LocationManagerInterface mLocationManagerInterface;

    private Android.location.LocationManager locationManager;
    private Android.location.LocationListener locationListener;

    boolean isGPSEnabled;
    boolean isNetworkEnabled;

    private int mProviderType;
    public static final int NETWORK_PROVIDER = 1;
    public static final int ALL_PROVIDERS = 0;
    public static final int GPS_PROVIDER = 2;

//    private final double STANDARD_LOCATION_ACCURACY = 100.0;
//    private final double STANDARD_LOCATION_SEED_LIMIT = 6.95;

    public static final int LOCATION_PROVIDER_ALL_RESTICTION = 1;
    public static final int LOCATION_PROVIDER_RESTRICTION_NONE = 0;
    public static final int LOCATION_PROVIDER_GPS_ONLY_RESTICTION = 2;
    public static final int LOCATION_PROVIDER_NETWORK_ONLY_RESTICTION = 3;
    private int mForceNetworkProviders = 0;

    public SmartLocationManager(Context context, Activity activity, LocationManagerInterface locationInterface, int providerType, int locationPiority, long locationFetchInterval, long fastestLocationFetchInterval, int forceNetworkProviders) {
        mContext = context;
        mActivity = activity;
        mProviderType = providerType;

        mLocationPiority = locationPiority;
        mForceNetworkProviders = forceNetworkProviders;
        mLocationFetchInterval = locationFetchInterval;
        mFastestLocationFetchInterval = fastestLocationFetchInterval;

        mLocationManagerInterface = locationInterface;

        initSmartLocationManager();
    }


    public void initSmartLocationManager() {

        // 1) ask for permission for Android 6 above to avoid crash
        // 2) check if gps is available
        // 3) get location using awesome strategy

        askLocationPermission();                            // for Android version 6 above
        checkNetworkProviderEnable(mForceNetworkProviders);                       //

        if (isGooglePlayServicesAvailable())                // if googleplay services available
            initLocationObjts();                            // init obj for google play service and start fetching location
        else
            getLocationUsingAndroidAPI();                   // otherwise get location using Android API
    }

    private void initLocationObjts() {
        // Create the LocationRequest object
        mLocationRequest = LocationRequest.create()
                .setPriority(mLocationPiority)
                .setInterval(mLocationFetchInterval)                    // 10 seconds, in milliseconds
                .setFastestInterval(mFastestLocationFetchInterval);     // 1 second, in milliseconds

        if (mGoogleApiClient == null) {
            mGoogleApiClient = new GoogleApiClient.Builder(mActivity)
                    .addConnectionCallbacks(this)
                    .addOnConnectionFailedListener(this)
                    .addApi(LocationServices.API)
                    .build();
        }

        startLocationFetching();                                        // connect google play services to fetch location
    }

    @Override
    public void onConnected(Bundle connectionHint) {
        Location location = LocationServices.FusedLocationApi.getLastLocation(mGoogleApiClient);
        startLocationUpdates();
        if (location == null) {
            LocationServices.FusedLocationApi.requestLocationUpdates(mGoogleApiClient, mLocationRequest, this);
            getLocationUsingAndroidAPI();
        } else {
            setNewLocation(getBetterLocation(location, mLocationFetched), mLocationFetched);
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
        if (location == null) {
            getLastKnownLocation();
        } else {
            setNewLocation(getBetterLocation(location, mLocationFetched), mLocationFetched);
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onConnectionSuspended(int i) {
        Log.i(TAG, "Connection suspended");
    }

    @Override
    public void onConnectionFailed(ConnectionResult connectionResult) {
        if (connectionResult.hasResolution()) {
            try {
                connectionResult.startResolutionForResult(mActivity, CONNECTION_FAILURE_RESOLUTION_REQUEST); // Start an Activity that tries to resolve the error
                getLocationUsingAndroidAPI();                                                                // try to get location using Android API locationManager
            } catch (IntentSender.SendIntentException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        } else {
            Log.i(TAG, "Location services connection failed with code " + connectionResult.getErrorCode());
        }
    }

    private void setNewLocation(Location location, Location oldLocation) {
        if (location != null) {
            mLastLocationFetched = oldLocation;
            mLocationFetched = location;
            mLastLocationUpdateTime = DateFormat.getTimeInstance().format(new Date());
            locationProvider = location.getProvider();
            mLocationManagerInterface.locationFetched(location, mLastLocationFetched, mLastLocationUpdateTime, location.getProvider());
        }
    }

    private void getLocationUsingAndroidAPI() {
        // Acquire a reference to the system Location Manager
        locationManager = (LocationManager) mContext.getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);

        setLocationListner();
        captureLocation();
    }

    public void captureLocation() {
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 23 &&
                ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mContext, Android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED &&
                ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mContext, Android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            return;
        }
        try {
            if (mProviderType == SmartLocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER) {
                locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER, 0, 0, locationListener);
            } else if (mProviderType == SmartLocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER) {
                locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER, 0, 0, locationListener);
            } else {
                locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER, 0, 0, locationListener);
                locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER, 0, 0, locationListener);
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            Log.e(TAG, e.getMessage());
        }
    }

    private void setLocationListner() {
        // Define a listener that responds to location updates
        locationListener = new Android.location.LocationListener() {
            public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
                // Called when a new location is found by the network location provider.
                if (location == null) {
                    getLastKnownLocation();
                } else {
                    setNewLocation(getBetterLocation(location, mLocationFetched), mLocationFetched);
//                    if (isLocationAccurate(location) && location.getAccuracy() < STANDARD_LOCATION_ACCURACY && location.getSpeed() < STANDARD_LOCATION_SEED_LIMIT) {// no use of this if
//                        setNewLocation(getBetterLocation(location, mLocationFetched), mLocationFetched);
//                    } else {
//                        setNewLocation(getBetterLocation(location, mLocationFetched), mLocationFetched);
//                    }
                }
            }

            public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) {
            }

            public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) {
            }

            public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) {
            }
        };
    }

    public Location getAccurateLocation() {
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 23 &&
                ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mContext, Android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED &&
                ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mContext, Android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            return null;
        }
        try {
            gpsLocation = locationManager.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);
            networkLocation = locationManager.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);
            Location newLocalGPS, newLocalNetwork;
            if (gpsLocation != null || networkLocation != null) {
                newLocalGPS = getBetterLocation(mLocationFetched, gpsLocation);
                newLocalNetwork = getBetterLocation(mLocationFetched, networkLocation);
                setNewLocation(getBetterLocation(newLocalGPS, newLocalNetwork), mLocationFetched);
            }
        } catch (Exception ex) {
            Log.e(TAG, ex.getMessage());
        }
        return mLocationFetched;
    }

    protected void startLocationUpdates() {
        LocationServices.FusedLocationApi.requestLocationUpdates(mGoogleApiClient, mLocationRequest, this);
    }

    public void startLocationFetching() {
        mGoogleApiClient.connect();
        if (mGoogleApiClient.isConnected()) {
            startLocationUpdates();
        }
    }

    public void pauseLocationFetching() {
        if (mGoogleApiClient.isConnected()) {
            LocationServices.FusedLocationApi.removeLocationUpdates(mGoogleApiClient, this);
            mGoogleApiClient.disconnect();
        }

    }

    public void abortLocationFetching() {
        mGoogleApiClient.disconnect();

        // Remove the listener you previously added
        if (locationManager != null && locationListener != null) {
            if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 23 &&
                    ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mContext, Android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED &&
                    ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mContext, Android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
                return;
            }
            try {
                locationManager.removeUpdates(locationListener);
                locationManager = null;
            } catch (Exception ex) {
                Log.e(TAG, ex.getMessage());

            }
        }
    }

    public void resetLocation() {
        mLocationFetched = null;
        mLastLocationFetched = null;
        networkLocation = null;
        gpsLocation = null;
    }

    //  Android M Permission check
    public void askLocationPermission() {

        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.M) {


            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mActivity, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED
                    || ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mActivity, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED
                    ) {
                if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(mActivity, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION)
                        || ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(mActivity, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION)) {

                    final AlertDialog.Builder builder = new AlertDialog.Builder(mActivity);
                    builder.setMessage("Please allow all permissions in App Settings for additional functionality.")
                            .setCancelable(false)
                            .setPositiveButton("Allow", new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
                                public void onClick(@SuppressWarnings("unused") final DialogInterface dialog, @SuppressWarnings("unused") final int id) {
                                    Toast.makeText(mContext, "Welcome", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                                }
                            })
                            .setNegativeButton("Deny", new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
                                public void onClick(final DialogInterface dialog, @SuppressWarnings("unused") final int id) {
                                    mActivity.finish();
                                }
                            });
                    final AlertDialog alert = builder.create();
                    alert.show();

                } else
                    ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(mActivity, new String[]{Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION
                            , Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION
                    }, PERMISSION_REQUEST_CODE);

            }
        }
    }

    public void checkNetworkProviderEnable(int enforceActive) {
        locationManager = (LocationManager) mContext.getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);

        isGPSEnabled = locationManager.isProviderEnabled(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);
        isNetworkEnabled = locationManager.isProviderEnabled(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);

        if (!isGPSEnabled && !isNetworkEnabled) {
            buildAlertMessageTurnOnLocationProviders("Your location providers seems to be disabled, please enable it", "OK", "Cancel");
        } else if (!isGPSEnabled && mForceNetworkProviders == LOCATION_PROVIDER_GPS_ONLY_RESTICTION) {
            buildAlertMessageTurnOnLocationProviders("Your GPS seems to be disabled, please enable it", "OK", "Cancel");
        } else if (!isNetworkEnabled && mForceNetworkProviders == LOCATION_PROVIDER_NETWORK_ONLY_RESTICTION) {
            buildAlertMessageTurnOnLocationProviders("Your Network location provider seems to be disabled, please enable it", "OK", "Cancel");
        }
        // getting network status

        if (!isGPSEnabled && !isNetworkEnabled) {
            Toast.makeText(mContext, "Location can't be fetched!", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show(); // show alert
            mActivity.finish();
        }
    }

    private void buildAlertMessageTurnOnLocationProviders(String message, String positiveButtonText, String negativeButtonText) {
        final AlertDialog.Builder builder = new AlertDialog.Builder(mActivity);
        builder.setMessage(message)
                .setCancelable(false)
                .setPositiveButton(positiveButtonText, new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
                    public void onClick(@SuppressWarnings("unused") final DialogInterface dialog, @SuppressWarnings("unused") final int id) {
                        Intent mIntent = new Intent(Android.provider.Settings.ACTION_LOCATION_SOURCE_SETTINGS);
                        mIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
                        mContext.startActivity(mIntent);
                    }
                })
                .setNegativeButton(negativeButtonText, new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
                    public void onClick(final DialogInterface dialog, @SuppressWarnings("unused") final int id) {
                        mActivity.finish();
                    }
                });
        final AlertDialog alert = builder.create();
        alert.show();
    }


    public Location getLastKnownLocation() {
        locationProvider = LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER;
        Location lastKnownLocation = null;
        // Or use LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 23 &&
                ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mContext, Android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED &&
                ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mContext, Android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            return lastKnownLocation;
        }
        try {
            lastKnownLocation = locationManager.getLastKnownLocation(locationProvider);
            return lastKnownLocation;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            Log.e(TAG, e.getMessage());
        }
        return lastKnownLocation;
    }

    public boolean isGooglePlayServicesAvailable() {
        int status = GooglePlayServicesUtil.isGooglePlayServicesAvailable(mContext);

        if (status == ConnectionResult.SUCCESS) {
            return true;
        } else {
            return false;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Determines whether one Location reading is better than the current Location fix
     *
     * @param location            The new Location that you want to evaluate
     * @param currentBestLocation The current Location fix, to which you want to compare the new one
     */
    protected Location getBetterLocation(Location location, Location currentBestLocation) {
        if (currentBestLocation == null) {
            // A new location is always better than no location
            return location;
        }

        // Check whether the new location fix is newer or older
        long timeDelta = location.getTime() - currentBestLocation.getTime();
        boolean isSignificantlyNewer = timeDelta > TWO_MINUTES;
        boolean isSignificantlyOlder = timeDelta < -TWO_MINUTES;
        boolean isNewer = timeDelta > 0;

        // If it's been more than two minutes since the current location, use the new location
        // because the user has likely moved
        if (isSignificantlyNewer) {
            return location;
            // If the new location is more than two minutes older, it must be worse
        } else if (isSignificantlyOlder) {
            return currentBestLocation;
        }

        // Check whether the new location fix is more or less accurate
        int accuracyDelta = (int) (location.getAccuracy() - currentBestLocation.getAccuracy());
        boolean isLessAccurate = accuracyDelta > 0;
        boolean isMoreAccurate = accuracyDelta < 0;
        boolean isSignificantlyLessAccurate = accuracyDelta > 200;

        // Check if the old and new location are from the same provider
        boolean isFromSameProvider = isSameProvider(location.getProvider(),
                currentBestLocation.getProvider());

        // Determine location quality using a combination of timeliness and accuracy
        if (isMoreAccurate) {
            return location;
        } else if (isNewer && !isLessAccurate) {
            return location;
        } else if (isNewer && !isSignificantlyLessAccurate && isFromSameProvider) {
            return location;
        }
        return currentBestLocation;
    }

    /**
     * Checks whether two providers are the same
     */

    private boolean isSameProvider(String provider1, String provider2) {
        if (provider1 == null) {
            return provider2 == null;
        }
        return provider1.equals(provider2);
    }

    public boolean isLocationAccurate(Location location) {
        if (location.hasAccuracy()) {
            return true;
        } else {
            return false;
        }
    }

    public Location getStaleLocation() {
        if (mLastLocationFetched != null) {
            return mLastLocationFetched;
        }
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 23 &&
                ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mContext, Android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED &&
                ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mContext, Android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            return null;
        }
        if (mProviderType == SmartLocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER) {
            return locationManager.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);
        } else if (mProviderType == SmartLocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER) {
            return locationManager.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);
        } else {
            return getBetterLocation(locationManager.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER), locationManager.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER));
        }
    }
}

私たちは活動や断片でそれを使用することができます、ここで私は活動でそれを使用しています

import Android.location.Location;
import Android.os.Bundle;
import Android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import Android.widget.TextView;
import Android.widget.Toast;

import com.example.raza.locationaware.location.LocationManagerInterface;
import com.example.raza.locationaware.location.SmartLocationManager;
import com.google.Android.gms.location.LocationRequest;

public class LocationActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements LocationManagerInterface {

    public static final String TAG = LocationActivity.class.getSimpleName();

    SmartLocationManager mLocationManager;
    TextView mLocalTV, mLocationProviderTV, mlocationTimeTV;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_location);
        mLocationManager = new SmartLocationManager(getApplicationContext(), this, this, SmartLocationManager.ALL_PROVIDERS, LocationRequest.PRIORITY_HIGH_ACCURACY, 10 * 1000, 1 * 1000, SmartLocationManager.LOCATION_PROVIDER_RESTRICTION_NONE); // init location manager
        mLocalTV = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.locationDisplayTV);
        mLocationProviderTV = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.locationProviderTV);
        mlocationTimeTV = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.locationTimeFetchedTV);
    }

    protected void onStart() {
        super.onStart();
        mLocationManager.startLocationFetching();
    }

    protected void onStop() {
        super.onStop();
        mLocationManager.abortLocationFetching();
    }

    @Override
    protected void onPause() {
        super.onPause();
        mLocationManager.pauseLocationFetching();
    }

    @Override
    public void locationFetched(Location mLocal, Location oldLocation, String time, String locationProvider) {
        Toast.makeText(getApplication(), "Lat : " + mLocal.getLatitude() + " Lng : " + mLocal.getLongitude(), Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
        mLocalTV.setText("Lat : " + mLocal.getLatitude() + " Lng : " + mLocal.getLongitude());
        mLocationProviderTV.setText(locationProvider);
        mlocationTimeTV.setText(time);
    }
}

何か改善を提案できれば git に投稿してください。ありがとう。

4
Syed Raza Mehdi

GoogleSamples は最新のFusedLocationProviderApiを使用した詳細な例を示しています。残念ながら、最も支持されている答えは時代遅れです。

FusedLocationProviderApiを使用して位置情報サービスを実装するには、以下の例に従ってください。

https://github.com/googlesamples/Android-play-location/tree/master/LocationUpdates

https://github.com/googlesamples/Android-play-location/blob/master/LocationUpdates/app/src/main/Java/com/google/Android/gms/location/sample/locationupdates/MainActivity.Java

4
karthikdivi

単に位置確認のためにあなたは以下のコードを使うことができます。あなたはそれをあなたのメインアクティビティのonStart()に入れて、returnがfalseなら警告ダイアログを表示することができます。

private boolean isLocationAccurate()
    {
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < Build.VERSION_CODES.KitKat)
        {
            String provider = Settings.Secure
                    .getString(getContentResolver(), Settings.Secure.LOCATION_PROVIDERS_ALLOWED);
            if (provider != null && !provider.contains("gps"))
            {
                return false;
            }
        }
        else
        {
            try
            {
                int status = Settings.Secure
                        .getInt(this.getContentResolver(), Settings.Secure.LOCATION_MODE);
                if (status != Settings.Secure.LOCATION_MODE_HIGH_ACCURACY)
                {
                    return false;
                }
            }
            catch (Settings.SettingNotFoundException e)
            {
                Log.e(TAG, e.getMessage());
            }
        }

        return true;
    }
3
Hesam

Android用に新しいロケーションプロジェクトを作成している場合は、新しい Google Play locationサービスを使用する必要があります。それははるかに正確で、はるかに使いやすいです。

私は オープンソースのGPSトラッカープロジェクト GpsTrackerに取り組んでいます。私は最近、Android、iOS、Windows Phoneおよび Java ME 携帯電話からの定期的な更新を処理するためにそれを更新しました。それは完全に機能的で、あなたが必要とすることをし、そして MIT License を持っています。

GpsTracker内のAndroidプロジェクトは新しいGoogle Playサービスを使用しており、これらの電話を追跡できるようにするために2つのサーバースタック( ASP.NET および _ php _ )もあります。

3
nickfox

私はそれが簡単にAndroidで位置データを取得することを可能にすることができる小さなライブラリを公開しました、それはさらにAndroid Mランタイム許可の世話をします。

あなたはここでそれをチェックアウトするかもしれません: https://github.com/julioromano/RxLocation そしてあなたの実装のための例としてそれまたはそのソースコードを使用してください。

2
Marco Romano

オンロケーション方式での簡易検索書き込みコード

public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
    if (mCurrLocationMarker != null) {
        mCurrLocationMarker.remove();
    }


    //Place current location marker
    LatLng latLng = new LatLng(location.getLatitude(), location.getLongitude());
    MarkerOptions markerOptions = new MarkerOptions();
    markerOptions.position(latLng);
    markerOptions.title("Current Position");
    markerOptions.icon(BitmapDescriptorFactory.defaultMarker(BitmapDescriptorFactory.HUE_RED));
    mCurrLocationMarker = mMap.addMarker(markerOptions);

    //move map camera
    mMap.moveCamera(CameraUpdateFactory.newLatLng(latLng));
    mMap.animateCamera(CameraUpdateFactory.zoomTo(18));

    PolylineOptions pOptions = new PolylineOptions()
            .width(5)
            .color(Color.GREEN)
            .geodesic(true);
    for (int z = 0; z < routePoints.size(); z++) {
        LatLng point = routePoints.get(z);
        pOptions.add(point);
    }
    line = mMap.addPolyline(pOptions);
    routePoints.add(latLng);
}
2
Dhaval Shingala

FusedLocationProviderClientを使用して非常に正確な位置を取得しました
Google Playのサービスが必要です

必要な権限

Android.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION

Android.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION

依存

'com.google.Android.gms:play-services-location:15.0.0'

コトリンコード

val client = FusedLocationProviderClient(this)
val location = client.lastLocation
location.addOnCompleteListener {
    // this is a lambda expression and we get an 'it' iterator to access the 'result'
    // it.result.latitude gives the latitude
    // it.result.longitude gives the longitude 
    val geocoder = Geocoder(applicationContext, Locale.getDefault())
    val address = geocoder.getFromLocation(it.result.latitude, it.result.longitude, 1)
    if (address != null && address.size > 0) {
        // Get the current city
        city = address[0].locality
    }
}
location.addOnFailureListener {
    // Some error in getting the location, let's log it
    Log.d("xtraces", it.message)
}
1
Palkesh Jain

場所を取得するための最良の方法は以下の通りです

// put dependancy
 implementation 'com.google.Android.gms:play-services-location:11.0.4'

// PUT permissions in Menifest
<uses-permission Android:name="Android.permission.INTERNET" />
<uses-permission Android:name="Android.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION" />
<uses-permission Android:name="Android.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION" /> 


// create a Java file as below

public class SingleShotLocationProvider {

  public static interface LocationCallback {
      public void onNewLocationAvailable(GPSCoordinates location);
  }

   // calls back to calling thread, note this is for low grain: if you want higher precision, swap the
   // contents of the else and if. Also be sure to check gps permission/settings are allowed.
   // call usually takes <10ms

  public static void requestSingleUpdate(final Context context, final LocationCallback callback) {
    final LocationManager locationManager = (LocationManager) context.getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);
    boolean isNetworkEnabled = locationManager.isProviderEnabled(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);
    if (isNetworkEnabled) {
        Criteria criteria = new Criteria();
        criteria.setAccuracy(Criteria.ACCURACY_COARSE);
        if (ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(context, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED &&
                ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(context, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {

            return;
        }
        locationManager.requestSingleUpdate(criteria, new LocationListener() {
            @Override
            public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
                callback.onNewLocationAvailable(new GPSCoordinates(location.getLatitude(), location.getLongitude()));
            }

            @Override
            public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) {
            }

            @Override
            public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) {
            }

            @Override
            public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) {
            }
        }, null);
     } else {
        boolean isGPSEnabled = locationManager.isProviderEnabled(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);
        if (isGPSEnabled) {
            Criteria criteria = new Criteria();
            criteria.setAccuracy(Criteria.ACCURACY_FINE);
            locationManager.requestSingleUpdate(criteria, new LocationListener() {
                @Override
                public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
                    callback.onNewLocationAvailable(new GPSCoordinates(location.getLatitude(), location.getLongitude()));
                }

                @Override public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) { }
                @Override public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) { }
                @Override public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) { }
            }, null);
        }
     }
  }


  // consider returning Location instead of this dummy wrapper class
  public static class GPSCoordinates {
     public float longitude = -1;
     public float latitude = -1;

     public GPSCoordinates(float theLatitude, float theLongitude) {
        longitude = theLongitude;
        latitude = theLatitude;
     }

     public GPSCoordinates(double theLatitude, double theLongitude) {
        longitude = (float) theLongitude;
        latitude = (float) theLatitude;
     }
  }

}
// FILE FINISHED


// FETCH LOCATION FROM ACTIVITY AS BELOW
public void getLocation(Context context) {
    MyApplication.log(LOG_TAG, "getLocation() ");

    SingleShotLocationProvider.requestSingleUpdate(context,
            new SingleShotLocationProvider.LocationCallback() {
                @Override
                public void onNewLocationAvailable(SingleShotLocationProvider.GPSCoordinates loc) {
                    location = loc;
                    MyApplication.log(LOG_TAG, "getLocation() LAT: " + location.latitude + ", LON: " + location.longitude);               
                }
            });
}
0
Arwy Shelke

Google APIロケーションサービスの実装

Google API Clientを初期化して開始するメソッド:

private void buildGoogleApiClient() {
    mGoogleApiClient = new GoogleApiClient.Builder(getApplicationContext())
        .addConnectionCallbacks(this)
        .addOnConnectionFailedListener(this)
        .addApi(LocationServices.API)
        .build();
    mGoogleApiClient.connect();
}

LocationRequestを初期化して返すメソッド:

private LocationRequest getLocationRequest() {
    mLocationRequest = new LocationRequest();
    mLocationRequest.setInterval(Constants.GPS_UPDATE_TIME);
    mLocationRequest.setSmallestDisplacement(Constants.SMALLEST_DISTANCE);
    mLocationRequest.setPriority(LocationRequest.PRIORITY_HIGH_ACCURACY);
}

定期的な場所の更新を要求するメソッド:

private void startGettingLocations() {
    LocationServices.FusedLocationApi.requestLocationUpdates(mGoogleApiClient, mLocationRequest, this);
}

LocationManagerの場合のように、上記のアクションを実行した後、onLocationChanged(Location location)メソッドを使用して位置の更新を取得する準備ができました。

LocationManager vs Google Play Services

ソースは here です

0
yoAlex5

Smart Location Library の使用をお勧めします
使い方はとても簡単で、ロケーションロジックをうまくまとめています。

位置情報サービスを開始する場合

SmartLocation.with(context).location()
    .start(new OnLocationUpdatedListener() { ... });

(定期的ではなく)単一の場所を取得するだけの場合は、oneFix修飾子を使用することができます。例:

SmartLocation.with(context).location()
    .oneFix()
    .start(new OnLocationUpdatedListener() { ... });
0

シンプルで簡単な方法

https://github.com/sachinvarma/EasyLocation を使用して場所を取得します。

ステップ1:電話をかける

new EasyLocationInit(MainActivity.this, timeInterval, fastestTimeInterval, runAsBackgroundService);

timeInterval - > setInterval(long)(inMilliSeconds)という意味 - ロケーションを取得する間隔を設定します。

fastestTimeInterval - > setFastestInterval(long)(inMilliSeconds)は、その場所で利用可能な場所が近い場合は取得できます。 (別のアプリが位置情報サービスを使用している)。

runAsBackgroundService = True - >(サービスはバックグラウンドで実行され、頻繁に更新されます(timeIntervalとfastestTimeIntervalに従って))

ステップ2: EventBusサブスクライバの準備:サブスクライブメソッドを宣言して注釈を付けます。オプションでスレッドモードを指定します。

例えば:

     @Override
     public void onStart() {
         super.onStart();
         EventBus.getDefault().register(this);
     }

     @Override
     public void onStop() {
         super.onStop();
         EventBus.getDefault().unregister(this);
     }

  @SuppressLint("SetTextI18n")
  @Subscribe
  public void getEvent(final Event event) {

    if (event instanceof LocationEvent) {
      if (((LocationEvent) event).location != null) {
        ((TextView) findViewById(R.id.tvLocation)).setText("The Latitude is "
          + ((LocationEvent) event).location.getLatitude()
          + " and the Longitude is "
          + ((LocationEvent) event).location.getLongitude());
      }
    }
  }

それで全部です。

それが将来誰かに役立つことを願っています。

0
Sachin Varma