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VirtualBox Kernelドライバがインストールされていない場合の修復方法

今日、私は自分のVirtualBox VMがもう起動しないことに気付きました。メッセージ付き

The virtual machine 'CGI' has terminated unexpectedly during startup with exit code 1 (0x1).

Result Code:
NS_ERROR_FAILURE (0x80004005)
Component:
MachineWrap
Interface:
IMachine
Unknown macro: {b2547866-a0a1-4391-8b86-6952d82efaa0} 

そして

Kernel driver not installed (rc=-1908)

The VirtualBox Linux kernel driver (vboxdrv) is either not loaded or there is a permission problem with /dev/vboxdrv. Please reinstall the kernel module by executing

'/sbin/vboxconfig'

as root.

where: suplibOsInit what: 3 VERR_VM_DRIVER_NOT_INSTALLED (-1908) - The support driver is not installed. On linux, open returned ENOENT. 

これはカーネルのアップデートによるものと思われます。私は、Ubuntuがカーネルの自動更新を行っていることを実際には知りませんでした。ログ/var/log/dpkg.logは、問題が始まる直前にカーネルの更新が行われていたことを示しています。

Sudo dpkg --list | grep linux-imageは、4.8、4.10、4.13のバージョンが多い画像行を表示します。

[user:~] $ uname -a
Linux io 4.13.0-26-generic #29~16.04.2-Ubuntu SMP Tue Jan 9 22:00:44 UTC 2018 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux

残念ながらこの問題に対する提案された解決策はうまくいきません。

[root:~] # /sbin/vboxconfig
vboxdrv.sh: Stopping VirtualBox services.
depmod: ERROR: could not open directory /lib/modules/4.10.0-27-generic: No such file or directory
depmod: FATAL: could not search modules: No such file or directory
depmod: ERROR: could not open directory /lib/modules/4.10.0-28-generic: No such file or directory
depmod: FATAL: could not search modules: No such file or directory
depmod: ERROR: could not open directory /lib/modules/4.10.0-30-generic: No such file or directory
depmod: FATAL: could not search modules: No such file or directory
depmod: ERROR: could not open directory /lib/modules/4.10.0-32-generic: No such file or directory
depmod: FATAL: could not search modules: No such file or directory
depmod: ERROR: could not open directory /lib/modules/4.10.0-33-generic: No such file or directory
depmod: FATAL: could not search modules: No such file or directory
depmod: ERROR: could not open directory /lib/modules/4.10.0-35-generic: No such file or directory
depmod: FATAL: could not search modules: No such file or directory
depmod: ERROR: could not open directory /lib/modules/4.10.0-37-generic: No such file or directory
depmod: FATAL: could not search modules: No such file or directory
depmod: ERROR: could not open directory /lib/modules/4.10.0-38-generic: No such file or directory
depmod: FATAL: could not search modules: No such file or directory
depmod: ERROR: could not open directory /lib/modules/4.10.0-40-generic: No such file or directory
depmod: FATAL: could not search modules: No such file or directory
depmod: ERROR: could not open directory /lib/modules/4.8.0-41-generic: No such file or directory
depmod: FATAL: could not search modules: No such file or directory
depmod: ERROR: could not open directory /lib/modules/4.8.0-45-generic: No such file or directory
depmod: FATAL: could not search modules: No such file or directory
depmod: ERROR: could not open directory /lib/modules/4.8.0-46-generic: No such file or directory
depmod: FATAL: could not search modules: No such file or directory
depmod: ERROR: could not open directory /lib/modules/4.8.0-49-generic: No such file or directory
depmod: FATAL: could not search modules: No such file or directory
depmod: ERROR: could not open directory /lib/modules/4.8.0-52-generic: No such file or directory
depmod: FATAL: could not search modules: No such file or directory
depmod: ERROR: could not open directory /lib/modules/4.8.0-54-generic: No such file or directory
depmod: FATAL: could not search modules: No such file or directory
depmod: ERROR: could not open directory /lib/modules/4.8.0-56-generic: No such file or directory
depmod: FATAL: could not search modules: No such file or directory
depmod: ERROR: could not open directory /lib/modules/4.8.0-58-generic: No such file or directory
depmod: FATAL: could not search modules: No such file or directory
vboxdrv.sh: Building VirtualBox kernel modules.
vboxdrv.sh: failed: Look at /var/log/vbox-install.log to find out what went wrong.

There were problems setting up VirtualBox.  To re-start the set-up process, run
  /sbin/vboxconfig
as root.
[root:~] # 

インストールログ/var/log/vbox-install.logはここに投稿するには大きすぎますが、それは次のメッセージで始まります

make[1]: warning: -jN forced in submake: disabling jobserver mode.
test -e include/generated/autoconf.h -a -e include/config/auto.conf || (        \
echo >&2;                           \
echo >&2 "  ERROR: Kernel configuration is invalid.";       \
echo >&2 "         include/generated/autoconf.h or include/config/auto.conf are missing.";\
echo >&2 "         Run 'make oldconfig && make prepare' on kernel src to fix it.";  \
echo >&2 ;  

実際には3つの質問があります。カーネル構成をどのように修正すればよいですか? * VirtualBoxはどのように修正しますか?削除して再インストールする必要がありますか? *この種の問題を防ぐにはどうすればいいですか?カーネルの自動更新を無効にするべきですか?

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8
onknows

VirtualBoxを5.2.6 r120293にアップグレードした後も同じ問題が発生しました

Linuxカーネルバージョン4.14.13-041413-generic

次のコマンドシーケンスは私にとって役に立ちました:

$ Sudo apt install --reinstall virtualbox-dkms && Sudo apt install libelf-dev
$ Sudo /sbin/vboxconfig
9

$ Sudo apt install --reinstall virtualbox-dkms && Sudo apt install libelf-dev

これで私のKubuntu 18.4.2で同じ問題が解決しました

3
Asklep
[email protected]:/home/linux/Downloads# apt install --reinstall virtualbox-dkms && Sudo apt install libelf-dev
Paket listeleri okunuyor... Bitti
Bağımlılık ağacı oluşturuluyor       
Durum bilgisi okunuyor... Bitti      
0 paket yükseltilecek, 0 yeni paket kurulacak, 1 paket yeniden kurulacak, 0 paket kaldırılacak ve 643 paket yükseltilmeyecek.
0 B/682 kB arşiv dosyası indirilecek.
Bu işlem tamamlandıktan sonra 0 B ek disk alanı kullanılacak.
(Veritabanı okunuyor ... 361148 dosya veya dizin kurulu durumda.)
Paket açılacak: .../virtualbox-dkms_5.2.8-dfsg-5_all.deb ...

-------- Uninstall Beginning --------
Module:  virtualbox
Version: 5.2.8
Kernel:  4.15.0-kali3-AMD64 (x86_64)
-------------------------------------

Status: Before uninstall, this module version was ACTIVE on this kernel.

vboxdrv.ko:
 - Uninstallation
   - Deleting from: /lib/modules/4.15.0-kali3-AMD64/updates/
 - Original module
   - No original module was found for this module on this kernel.
   - Use the dkms install command to reinstall any previous module version.


vboxnetadp.ko:
 - Uninstallation
   - Deleting from: /lib/modules/4.15.0-kali3-AMD64/updates/
 - Original module
   - No original module was found for this module on this kernel.
   - Use the dkms install command to reinstall any previous module version.


vboxnetflt.ko:
 - Uninstallation
   - Deleting from: /lib/modules/4.15.0-kali3-AMD64/updates/
 - Original module
   - No original module was found for this module on this kernel.
   - Use the dkms install command to reinstall any previous module version.


vboxpci.ko:
 - Uninstallation
   - Deleting from: /lib/modules/4.15.0-kali3-AMD64/updates/
 - Original module
   - No original module was found for this module on this kernel.
   - Use the dkms install command to reinstall any previous module version.

depmod...

DKMS: uninstall completed.

------------------------------
Deleting module version: 5.2.8
completely from the DKMS tree.
------------------------------
Done.
Paket açılıyor: virtualbox-dkms (5.2.8-dfsg-5) üzerine (5.2.8-dfsg-5) ...
Ayarlanıyor: virtualbox-dkms (5.2.8-dfsg-5) ...
Loading new virtualbox-5.2.8 DKMS files...
Building for 4.15.0-kali2-AMD64 4.15.0-kali3-AMD64
Module build for kernel 4.15.0-kali2-AMD64 was skipped since the
kernel headers for this kernel does not seem to be installed.
Building initial module for 4.15.0-kali3-AMD64
Done.

vboxdrv:
Running module version sanity check.
 - Original module
   - No original module exists within this kernel
 - Installation
   - Installing to /lib/modules/4.15.0-kali3-AMD64/updates/

vboxnetadp.ko:
Running module version sanity check.
 - Original module
   - No original module exists within this kernel
 - Installation
   - Installing to /lib/modules/4.15.0-kali3-AMD64/updates/

vboxnetflt.ko:
Running module version sanity check.
 - Original module
   - No original module exists within this kernel
 - Installation
   - Installing to /lib/modules/4.15.0-kali3-AMD64/updates/

vboxpci.ko:
Running module version sanity check.
 - Original module
   - No original module exists within this kernel
 - Installation
   - Installing to /lib/modules/4.15.0-kali3-AMD64/updates/

depmod...

DKMS: install completed.
Job for virtualbox.service failed because the control process exited with error code.
See "systemctl status virtualbox.service" and "journalctl -xe" for details.
invoke-rc.d: initscript virtualbox, action "restart" failed.
● virtualbox.service - LSB: VirtualBox Linux kernel module
   Loaded: loaded (/etc/init.d/virtualbox; generated)
   Active: failed (Result: exit-code) since Wed 2018-05-23 16:30:46 +03; 7ms ago
     Docs: man:systemd-sysv-generator(8)
  Process: 22851 ExecStart=/etc/init.d/virtualbox start (code=exited, status=1/FAILURE)

May 23 16:30:46 linux systemd[1]: Starting LSB: VirtualBox Linux kernel module...
May 23 16:30:46 linux virtualbox[22851]: Loading VirtualBox kernel modules...No suitable module for running kernel found ... failed!
May 23 16:30:46 linux virtualbox[22851]:  failed!
May 23 16:30:46 linux systemd[1]: virtualbox.service: Control process exited, code=exited status=1
May 23 16:30:46 linux systemd[1]: virtualbox.service: Failed with result 'exit-code'.
May 23 16:30:46 linux systemd[1]: Failed to start LSB: VirtualBox Linux kernel module.
Paket listeleri okunuyor... Bitti
Bağımlılık ağacı oluşturuluyor       
Durum bilgisi okunuyor... Bitti      
Aşağıdaki ek paketler kurulacak:
  libdw1 libelf1 zlib1g zlib1g-dev
Aşağıdaki YENİ paketler kurulacak:
  libelf-dev zlib1g-dev
Aşağıdaki paketler yükseltilecek:
  libdw1 libelf1 zlib1g
3 paket yükseltilecek, 2 yeni paket kurulacak, 0 paket kaldırılacak ve 640 paket yükseltilmeyecek.
286 kB/759 kB arşiv dosyası indirilecek.
Bu işlem tamamlandıktan sonra 848 kB ek disk alanı kullanılacak.
Devam etmek istiyor musunuz? [E/h] e
İndir: 1 http://kali.mirror.garr.it/mirrors/kali kali-rolling/main AMD64 zlib1g-dev AMD64 1:1.2.11.dfsg-1 [214 kB]
İndir: 2 http://kali.mirror.garr.it/mirrors/kali kali-rolling/main AMD64 libelf-dev AMD64 0.170-0.4 [71,6 kB]
2 sn.'de 286 kB alındı (153 kB/s)    
Reading changelogs... Done
(Veritabanı okunuyor ... 361148 dosya veya dizin kurulu durumda.)
Paket açılacak: .../zlib1g_1%3a1.2.11.dfsg-1_AMD64.deb ...
Paket açılıyor: zlib1g:AMD64 (1:1.2.8.dfsg-5) üzerine (1:1.2.11.dfsg-1) ...
Ayarlanıyor: zlib1g:AMD64 (1:1.2.11.dfsg-1) ...
(Veritabanı okunuyor ... 361148 dosya veya dizin kurulu durumda.)
Paket açılacak: .../libdw1_0.170-0.4_AMD64.deb ...
Paket açılıyor: libdw1:AMD64 (0.170-0.3) üzerine (0.170-0.4) ...
Paket açılacak: .../libelf1_0.170-0.4_AMD64.deb ...
Paket açılıyor: libelf1:AMD64 (0.170-0.3) üzerine (0.170-0.4) ...
Daha önce seçili olmayan zlib1g-dev:AMD64 paketi seçiliyor.
Paket açılacak: .../zlib1g-dev_1%3a1.2.11.dfsg-1_AMD64.deb ...
Paket açılıyor: zlib1g-dev:AMD64 (1:1.2.11.dfsg-1) ...
Daha önce seçili olmayan libelf-dev:AMD64 paketi seçiliyor.
Paket açılacak: .../libelf-dev_0.170-0.4_AMD64.deb ...
Paket açılıyor: libelf-dev:AMD64 (0.170-0.4) ...
Ayarlanıyor: libelf1:AMD64 (0.170-0.4) ...
Tetikleyiciler işleniyor: libc-bin (2.27-3) ...
Tetikleyiciler işleniyor: man-db (2.8.2-1) ...
Ayarlanıyor: zlib1g-dev:AMD64 (1:1.2.11.dfsg-1) ...
Ayarlanıyor: libdw1:AMD64 (0.170-0.4) ...
Ayarlanıyor: libelf-dev:AMD64 (0.170-0.4) ...
Tetikleyiciler işleniyor: libc-bin (2.27-3) ...
[email protected]:/home/linux/Downloads# /sbin/vboxconfig
bash: /sbin/vboxconfig: Böyle bir dosya ya da dizin yok
[email protected]:/home/linux/Downloads# 
0
Beytullah Gul